Geographical and Topographic Position :
Kish Island with the area of 91 km2 is situated around a 43-km semi-oval beach whose distance to Garzeh Port (Sun Port), Iran’s Continues Land, in Persian Gulf is 18 km. Kish Island is in the first quarter of 1359-km coastlines of southern Iran where the Persian Gulf opening starts roughly to touch the final part of the waterway near the Strait of Hormuz. Its north latitude and east longitude are 32° 26’ and 58° 53’ respectively laid from western to eastern coast (distance between Marjan Complex and Hoor Square) as long as 15.45 km. The longest width of the Island starts from southern beach to northern beach (distance between Gomrok Harbor and Lighthouse) is 7.5 km. The island’s surface is devoid of any special topographic element such as mountains and even high lands.
The International Kish Airport has been constructed at the central and elevated part of the island with about 35-40 m height. The steepest part of the island starts from the northern wing of Kish airport towards the coastline (Shayan Hotel).
Geographical and Ecological Features of Kish Island :
Kish Island is a small land like a ship went aground warm and shallow waters of the Persian Gulf. Microecosystems of Kish Island are extensively dominated by phenomena caused by vast territorial waters whose daylong temperature changes throughout the year are very trivial. Water-vapor pressure in Kish Island is somehow high in most days of the year (relative humidity: 50-60%). The average daily temperature difference in the Island throughout the year is less than 9-10 degrees, and temperature falling never reaches the freezing or zero degree. According to the meteorological data, the average humidity per kg of warm and arid climate of the Island in December and July is 15 and 25 kg respectively. Kish climate from October to April is pleasantly warm and the island lives in a desirable biological condition in this period. However, the island’s weather experiences hot and sultry days from May to October and the average daily climate in this period is largely same. Since the gulf’s water is cold yet in October and the relative humidity is low, Kish experiences an arid climate with mild breezes which can be generally considered as desirable. Temperature difference between the warmest and coldest months in the Kish Island is roughly 16 degrees; as the coldest and driest month of Kish Island, September has the lowest rate of evaporation with 12% fluctuations, while August with highest rate of evaporation and fluctuations about 28% is considered as the warmest month of the Island. Extensive evaporations in August influence random rainfalls as monsoon showers provoked by moist air of the Indian Ocean in this region. August random rainfalls are often flooding and short and often soak the soil and will be evaporated because of high temperature of the earth in this region. Rainfalls during this period are divine blessings that must be controlled through small and large dams and dikes. Although Kish is located over a salty dome, unlike other islands (e.g. Qeshm) the head of its underlying salty domes has not raised so far, so the land’s salts are not emerged due to rainfalls and they can be controlled through dikes long times after rainfalls (the salt lands of the Island are rare rather the whole area of the island).
Tourist Attractions of Kish Island::
- Coral beach of the island
- Permanent Fair of Master Kiumarth Sayyad
- Traditional cistern
- Greek ship
- Kish recreational great pier
- Green Tree Complex
- Dolphin Park
- Birds Garden
- Kariz Underground City
- Artists Passway
- Harireh Old City
- Kish Safari
Kish Markets :
More than 1 million tourists travel to Kish Island each year, out which 150000 people are foreigners or immigrant Iranians who live overseas. Kish markets sell original products of known global brands which is an attraction for tourists who travel there. Presently Kish Island has 11 international markets and trade centers such as:
Kish Trade Center
Pars-e Khalij Market
Source: Kish Free Zone Organization Portal